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     Home > SOVIET ORDERS AND MEDALS > Soviet Bravery and Good Conduct Military Medals

    http://collectrussia.com/DISPITEMWINDOW.HTM?item=36175

    Medal for Valor, Type 1 Variation 3, "Thin" sub-variation, #245476, awarded on 24 March 1942 to Private Sergey Reshetov, the gunner of an 82 mm mortar with the 4th Army, Volkhov Front, for destroying two German machine gun nests and large number of enemy soldiers in fighting for Tikhvin - the battle that saved Leningrad - in early December 1941.

    Medal for Valor, Type 1 Variation 3, "Thin" sub-variation, #245476, awarded on 24 March 1942 to Private Sergey Reshetov, the gunner of an 82 mm mortar with the 4th Army, Volkhov Front, for destroying two German machine gun nests and large number of enemy soldiers in fighting for Tikhvin - the battle that saved Leningrad - in early December 1941.

    The medallion is in silver and lacquer; measures 37.3 mm wide, approx. 2.3- 2.5 mm thick at the edge (the so-called "Thin" sub-variation); weighs 26.7 g not including the suspension and connecting link. The suspension measures 25.2 mm wide at the top, 17.3 - 17.4 mm tall not including the ribbon and projection for the connecting link.

    Very fine condition. No less than a third of the fragile original lacquer in the letters is still present. There are some minor dings to the edge and light wear on both sides, but the details of the tank and airplanes are very well preserved. There are no nicks or significant bumps. Very attractive dark toning to silver throughout. Comes on original suspension device, complete with original back plate, hexagon nut and brass screw plate. The screw post is full length, well over 10 mm measured from the back plate. The connecting link appears to be original as well, and its ends are still joined with solder. The perfectly preserved ribbon shows age, although it is probably not of the same vintage as the medal itself.

    Sergey Reshetov was born in 1903 in a village of the Vologda Region of northern Russia. He was drafted into the Red Army in November 1941 and appointed a gunner of an 82 mm mortar crew with the newly formed 1st Separate Grenadier Brigade, 4th Army, Volkhov Front. Note that the name of the brigade was unique for the Soviet Army: the word "grenadier" harkened back to the imperial era. It was added to the brigade's official designation because due to the lack of rifles at its inception in mid-November 1941, most of the unit's personnel was armed only with hand-grenades!

    During the previous month of October, the 4th Army had been engaged in the desperate defense of the town of Tikhvin, the railway junction that was among the key objectives of the German Army Group North in its offensive east of Leningrad. The German plan was to completely cut off Leningrad by advancing along the south shore of Lake Ladoga and linking with the Finnish Army on the Svir River. After getting into the rear of the 4th Army at the end of the month, the Germans forced it to pull back, and on 9 November, managed to temporarily capture Tikhvin. Their advance severed the last remaining railroad link to Leningrad and directly led to the terrible starvation among its civilian population during the winter of 1941-42. Nevertheless, the Wehrmacht had been literally bled white by that point, unable to move forward and achieve the larger objective of securing Lake Ladoga and thus shutting off all outside help to the city.

    Private Reshetov joined the fight at the most critical time when the fate of Leningrad was literally hanging in balance. The 4th Army played a principal role in the struggle to save the city as it started a series of counterattacks immediately following the loss of Tikhvin. In late November, its 1st Separate Grenadier Brigade advanced from the southeast alongside the 65th Rifle Division until it was met by stiff German resistance on the doorsteps of the town. The Soviet effort renewed in early December, immediately after the start of the much larger Soviet counteroffensive at Moscow.

    During the storming of Tikhvin Reshetov's separate 82 mm mortar battalion was deployed at the Highways #1 and #2. According to the subsequent award recommendation, during the period of 6-9 December he with his crew destroyed two German machine gun nests and eliminated tens of enemy soldiers. Reshetov's actions greatly facilitated the capture of both highways. During the same time, the other units of the 4th Army engaged in fierce house-to-house battles inside Tikhvin, with streets and buildings changing hands several times. The town was completely cleared on 9 December. By some estimates, the German 39th Motorized Corps and 61st Infantry Division lost 7000 men killed in action at Tikhvin, not counting the wounded. Moreover, on their retreat the Nazis left behind large amounts of ammunition and food stores that were later put to good use by the Soviet troops. The 4th Army then continued its offensive until it reached the Volkhov River. The liberation of Tikhvin never attracted as much attention as the Soviet counteroffensive at Moscow which unfolded at the same time. The importance of this early Soviet success however cannot be overestimated, because it restored overland supply line to Lake Ladoga that continued throughout the winter via the frozen "Road of Life" - thus allowing Leningrad to fight on and remain unconquered.

    On 14 January 1942, Reshetov was jointly recommended for a Medal for Valor by his grenadier brigade's commander and political commissar. During the same month, his severely depleted brigade was disbanded and its remaining personnel was used to augment other units of the 4th Army. As was often the case with very early awards, it took a long time for Reshetov's commendation to be processed through the chain of command, and the medal was bestowed upon him only on 24 March by a decree of the Volkhov Front. It is interesting to note that the award serial number, relatively high for a Type 1, indicates that Reshetov actually received the decoration even later, probably in mid-1943. The most likely explanation is that Reshetov was released from active duty in April 1943, as evident from his award record card. Although the archival record does not mention the reason, he was probably severely wounded or fell gravely ill at some point in 1942 and after a convalescence in a hospital, deemed unfit for further military service. If he was no longer with his original combat unit, it could understandably take quite a while for the award decision to be implemented, at which point the available decoration was issued to its recipient and its number recorded in the archives.

    After his discharge from the military in 1943, Reshetov returned to his native Vologda Region. As of February 1947, he was working there as manager of the retail department of a rural district consumer cooperative. The Medal for Valor remained his only decoration of WW2.

    Research Materials: Photocopy of the award record card, award commendation and award decree. Brief history of the 1st Grenadier Brigade is available in the Volume XI Red Volunteers of the Charles Sharp's book series Soviet Order of Battle, WW2; a more detailed information about this interesting and short-lived unit can be found on Russian-language websites.

    Item# 36175

    $395.00  

     
       
     
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