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     Home > SOVIET ORDERS AND MEDALS > TOP Soviet Military Orders

    Order of Alexander Nevsky, Type 3, "Deep Dish" version, #30751, awarded on 30 April 1945 to Guards Lieutenant Idris Guseinov.

    Order of Alexander Nevsky, Type 3, "Deep Dish" version, #30751, awarded on 30 April 1945 to Guards Lieutenant Idris Guseinov.

    Silver gilt, enamels; measures 51.3 mm in height, 50.0 mm in width; weighs 39.6 g not including the screw plate. Features a distinctive concaved "deep dish" shape, mint mark in almost straight lines, and comparatively wide bands at the lower ends of the battleaxes. This particular specimen is quite uncommon: unlike most others, it has a very pronounced counter-relief of the star and clearly visible "shadow" counter-relief of the starburst rays.

    In excellent condition. The enamel retains magnificent luster and shows no wear visible to the naked eye - only some tiny contact marks that can be found under the magnifying glass. The center medallion is likewise nearly flawless, having just a couple of tiny scratches and a few microscopic dings. The raised details of the bas-relief are practically pristine and beautifully crisp. The original gold plating on the wreath and battle axes is still present and visible, although it is partly obscured by silver patina. The silver exhibits very attractive toning throughout, on both the obverse and reverse. Note that it is of distinctly lighter shade near the center of the reverse where the silver was covered by the screw plate. The screw post is full or near full length measuring nearly 13 mm long. Original silver screw plate is included. Overall, this is an extremely attractive and well preserved specimen of the early "Deep Dish" Nevsky.

    Idris Guseinov was born in 1912 in Azerbaijan. He was drafted into the Red Army in his native republic in October 1942, at the critical time when the German troops were attempting to gain Caucasian mountain passes and then capture the vital oil fields of Azerbaijan. He however only took part in combat starting in April 1944, most likely because he had been studying in an officer school prior to that. By spring of 1945, Guseinov had been commissioned lieutenant and joined the Communist Party. He distinguished himself during the Vienna offensive in March - April of that year while serving as motorized rifle company commander with the 30th Guards Mechanized Brigade, 9th Guards Mechanized Corps, 6th Guards Tank Army.

    By the middle of March, the last significant German offensive on the Eastern Front codenamed "The Awakening of Spring" had failed, and the 6th Guards Tank Army was relentlessly driving from an area northwest of Lake Balaton in Hungary toward the Austrian border. It was met by some of the last reserves Hitler's high command could still scrape together, mainly the VI SS Panzer Army. In an assault on the village of Shered, Guseinov's company operated as tank-born infantry and was the first to break into the village (here and below the names of two villages are transliteration from Russian - correct spelling probably differs.) In this skirmish alone Guseinov and his men killed up to 50 SS troops and captured 68 of them. The enemy also lost 5 tanks, 4 assault guns, 7 armored personnel carriers, and 70 various other motor vehicles. In the fight for another village (referred to as Mecher in the subsequent award recommendation), Guseinov led his company from the front in beating back seven fierce German counterattacks. During the subsequent storming of the city of Zirc, Guseinov's company riding M4A2 Sherman tanks were the first to break into the city. Despite being wounded, Guseinov continued to lead his troops in street fighting inside the city, where his company repelled four enemy counterattacks.

    On 10 April, on the day when the 6th Guards Tank Army reached the center of Vienna, Guards Lt. Guseinov was recommended for an Order of the Red Banner. Although the recommended award was approved six days later by the command of the 9th Guards Mechanized Corps, it was ultimately changed to Alexander Nevsky by the decision of the 6th Guards Tank Army, and this award was bestowed upon Guseinov by the army decree on April 30th. This was his first decoration of WW2, but it wouldn't be the last: in October 1945, Guseinov was also awarded with an Order of the Patriotic War, 1st cl. for fighting against the Japanese in Manchuria.

    Research Materials: photocopy of the award commendation and award record card. A history of the 9th Guards Mechanized Corps is available in the Volume III "Red Storm" of the Charles Sharp's series "Soviet Order of Battle in World War II" (It is interesting to note that according to this book, all the tanks that this corps had in its inventory were American-built Lend Lease Shermans - making it certain that these were the tanks Guseinov and his men rode into battle in Hungary and Austria. This is indirectly supported by some published wartime documentary photos we were able to find.)


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