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     Home > SOVIET ORDERS AND MEDALS > TOP Soviet Military Orders

    http://collectrussia.com/DISPITEMWINDOW.HTM?item=33075

    Documented Group of 5 Decorations to Vladimir Uvarov.

    Documented Group of 5 Decorations to Vladimir Uvarov.

    Decorations: Order of the Red Star, #29834; Order of Alexander Nevsky, #25875; Order of the Patriotic War 1st cl., #82373; Order of the Patriotic War 1st cl., #100363; Order of the Red Banner, #507221.

    Details and Condition of the Decorations:

    The Order of the Red Star is Type 5 (Srekalov classification; Type 3 according to McDaniel classification.) In silver and enamel; measures 46.9 mm in height, 49.2 mm in width; weighs 30.5 g not including the screw plate. The reverse has three rivets attaching the center medallion, a feature making this type different from all other versions of the order. In very fine condition. The enamel shows scratches throughout but is otherwise intact, free of chips, repairs or significant flaking. Despite wear, the enamel retains much of its original luster and its trademark beautiful appearance. The center medallion has moderate wear to the high points, but details are overall well-defined. The reverse is pristine, with tight rivets, full length screw post measuring nearly 12 mm from the base, and original silver screw plate included.

    Order of Alexander Nevsky is Type 3, early "Deep Dish" version. Silver, enamels; 51.0 mm tall x 50.1 mm wide. In excellent condition. The enamel is essentially perfect, having only a couple of tiny contact marks barely noticeable to the naked eye. The details of the center medallion are exceptionally well preserved and crisp; the original gilt finish on the battle axes, sword and quiver is very bright. The screw post is of full length, nearly 14 mm, and includes an original wartime screw plate in silver.

    Order of the Patriotic War 1st cl. #82373 is Type 2 Var. 1 in gold, silver and enamels; 45.6 x 43.5 mm. In fine to very fine overall condition. Shows flakes to the tips of the arms and the white band, as well as some scratches, but no penetrating chips or repairs. The reverse is pristine. There is very attractive toning to the gold matching that on the other Patriotic War (described below.) The screw post is full length, over 13 mm measured from the silver star, and includes original wartime screw plate.

    Order of the Patriotic War 1st cl. #100363 is Type 2 Var. 1 in gold, silver and enamels; 46.2 x 44.5 mm. In very fine condition. Shows minor surface flakes to the tips and edges of the arms but very little overall wear. The enamel shows beautiful luster. The reverse is pristine. The screw post is full length, over 13 mm measured from the silver star, and includes original wartime screw plate.

    Order of the Red Banner #507221 is Type 5, Var 3, Sub- variation 3 (Durov & Strekalov classification). In excellent condition. Comes on original suspension with old ribbon. The connecting link is original and has not been cut.

    Document:

    Order Booklet, issued on 6 January 1947. The date for the start of special privileges is January 1942, corresponding with the December 1941 date of award of the Order of the Red Star #29834. Beside the five awards included in the group, the document shows two post-war decorations that are missing, a medal for Combat Service and Order of the Red Star (#3113940). The order booklet is in excellent condition.

    Vladimir Uvarov joined the Red Army in 1936 at the age of 22. By the beginning of the Patriotic War, he already had fighting experience acquired in the 1939-40 Winter War with Finland. A trusted communist party member, Uvarov served as a military commissar of an artillery battery with the Southern Front in the first weeks after the German invasion, until he got wounded in the leg on 12 August. He soon recovered from his wound and was reassigned to one of the newly created units equipped with the Stalin's secret weapon - Katyusha multiple rocket launchers. Serving in this capacity with the 11th Guards Mortar Squadron (the "guards mortars" was a codename for rocket launchers), Senior Politruk Uvarov took part in the defense of Moscow. In November - early December 1941, his squadron supported the 9th Cavalry (later, 2nd Guards Cavalry) Division of the 2nd Cavalry Corps commanded by the charismatic and talented leader Maj. General Belov - soon to become world famous for his role in the Moscow counteroffensive.

    Deployed with its cavalry division on the left flank of the Western Front, the squadron played a critical role in the defense of the city of Tula, the home of the famous Russian arms manufacturing center just south of Moscow. On 27-28 November, Uvarov's squadron targeted the village of Pyatnisa occupied by a strong contingent of German motorized infantry and tanks. Among other things, rocket salvos wiped out a large column of enemy infantry reinforcements rushing to the front line. The rockets fired by the Katyusha launchers then blanketed the German 27th Reconnaissance Unit comprising a company of motorized infantry, a motorcycle company, a panzer company, a platoon of armored cars and a mortar battery. The enemy unit was completely destroyed with its disorganized remnants turning to flight, and the entire German attack thus ended in complete failure. As the result, the cavalrymen of the 9th Cavalry Division went on hot pursuit of the enemy and captured 14 villages - all of that well before the Soviet general counteroffensive!

    Later that month, the 9th Cavalry Division was given an honorific title of Guards unit for it role in the defense of Tula and Moscow (the former city never surrendered despite being enveloped on three sides and many Nazi attempts to storm it); at the same time, Belov's 2nd Cavalry Corps was re-designated 1st Guards Cavalry Corps. On 2 December, Uvarov was recommended for an Order of the Red Star by the command of the Group of Separate Guards Mortar Squadrons of the Western Front. The date of the initial recommendation is very interesting and unusual: three days before the Soviet counteroffensive, when the fate of Moscow was still hanging in balance. On the same day, the recommendation got approved by General Belov, and on 4 December - one day before the counteroffensive - received final approval of the command of the Mortar Forces of the Western Front. The award was bestowed on 21 December 1941 by a decree of the Western Front.

    Uvarov's next award recommendation came over two and a half years later, in July 1944. By that time he had been promoted to Guards Major and had become deputy commander of the 325th Guards Mortar Regiment. On 23 June, on the second day of the Bagration offensive in Belorussia, Uvarov's Katyusha launchers played a key role in the breakthrough of the heavily fortified German defensive line on the Pronya River. It then successfully supported the troops of the 139th Rifle Division in the crossing of the Dnieper and storming of the city of Mogilev. During the forced crossing of the Dnieper, Uvarov's launchers covered the only available bridge as he personally directed the rocket fire. The enemy weapons targeting the crossing were promptly destroyed, and the operation went on smoothly ending in the capture of Mogilev on 27 June. Uvarov further distinguished himself in the follow-up skirmish when he attacked a German column destroying with 3 rocket salvos 4 motor vehicles and up to 150 enemy soldiers. On 5 July, Uvarov was recommended for an Order of the Red Banner. The award was approved by Commander of the Guards Mortars of the 2nd Belorussian Front, but then inexplicably lowered to the Patriotic War 1st cl. by the command of the 2nd Belorussian Front.

    During the continuous offensive of the 2nd Belorussian Front in late summer 1944, Uvarov's rocket regiment provided support for the 40th Rifle Corps in the capture of the city of Belostok (Białystok) in eastern Poland. Throughout the operation, Uvarov was constantly within the forward ranks of the Soviet troops to acquire targets and provide close fire support. His contribution proved especially vital in repelling five German counterattacks supported by tanks. By the evening of 27 July, Uvarov's squadrons cleared the path into Belostok for the advancing infantry and took a position on the southeastern outskirts of the city. By the following morning, the city was completely cleared of the enemy at which point the Germans counterattacked once again. Seeing that his squadrons were running short of ammunition, Uvarov took a bold decision to leave all the remaining rockets with a single squadron while sending the rest to the rear for replenishment. His gamble worked, and the rocket launchers returned in time to decide the outcome of the battle. For his personal bravery and skills in the battle for Belostok, Uvarov was recommended for an Order of Alexander Nevsky. Very uncharacteristically, the recommended award was upgraded to Khmelnitsky 2nd cl. by Commander of the 40th Rifle Corps, then reduced to Nevsky by Commander of the 3rd Army, and once again, downgraded to a Patriotic War 1st cl. (which would be a second one for Uvarov) by the 2nd Belorussian Front.

    Uvarov eventually earned an Order of Alexander Nevsky for leadership as well as personal bravery shown during the Vistula - Oder offensive. On 16 January, the enemy put up a sharp resistance on the Wkra River, a tributary of the Vistula. One of Uvarov's squadrons which had been assigned to support the 38th Rifle Division, 70th Army, had its telephone link to the command post severed, and all attempts to restore the communication line proved unsuccessful due to heavy enemy fire. In this critical situation, Uvarov went to the heavily pressed squadron to take personal command and direct fire. After two well-placed salvos, the infantry was able to move forward and forced the river. On 19 January, while in the filed with the same squadron, Uvarov personally commanded a reconnaissance patrol. Assisted by only four scouts, he discovered a group of 25 well-armed German soldiers hiding in a building and in a sharp skirmish completely eradicated the enemy group. On 22 January, Uvarov was recommended for an Order of the Red Banner by his regiment commander, and the award was approved by the commander of the 96th Rifle Corps. On 27 February 1945, Uvarov received a Nevsky based on this recommendation - once again, technically a downgrade! This was his final award of the Patriotic War, but later he was also decorated with three length of service awards: a Medal for Combat Service, Order of the Red Star (his second), and finally, Order of the Red Banner #507221.

    We must add in closing that among the many decorations earned by Uvarov on the battlefields of WW2, his first one, the "Riveted" Red Star is really a standout. Note only it is a very scarce version, but also it was awarded for the defense of Moscow. From our experience, decorations for the Battle of Moscow are extremely uncommon. Relatively few were awarded for this battle in general, and just a small fraction of those for its defensive stage; Soviet authorities were far more generous with decorations even in the first weeks of the war. Perhaps even more importantly, only a small number of the early award recipients were lucky enough to survive the war.

    Research Materials: photocopy of the award recommendation for the four wartime orders. Detailed information on the cavalry and infantry units mentioned above can be found in the books of Charles Sharp's series "Soviet Order of Battle in World War II."


    $5,900.00  

     
       
     
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